Logo Bendywood®


Bendywood® handrails can be bent up to a radius of 20 times the profile's cross section. A 40 mm round profile up to a radius of 800 mm, for instance, and a 50 mm profile up to a radius of 1.000 mm.

In order to be able to bend up to these limits a wood moisture content of about 12% is indispensable.
See part 2. How to bend and moisten Bendywood®.

Bendywood® handrails are delivered with a wood moisture level of approx. 12%.
The handrails should only be unpacked just before you start bending.


Bendywood® will slightly open up when taken off the mould. Therefore, in order to obtain the requested final radius, Bendywood® needs to be “overbent”, i.e. the radius needs to be kept proportionally smaller. Also see on our website under “Spring-back after being taken from the mould”. 

Bendywood® bending handrails are:

  • in solid hardwood
  • in full sizes / not in multiple layers
  • already machined, ready for bending


Our stock product range contains:



a. Bending an ascending handrail around a flat mould:
    this is the easiest and best solution for spiral staircases!

    The handrails with normal joints  are also well suited for this 

    See video for a round handrail:

    See video for a round handrail with flat bottom side:


1. Always bend around a mould - as shown in the videos

2. Position the matching bend mould / chunks for pressing exactly opposite to the joint
    Position chunks for pressing opposite to normal joint  Position chunks for pressing opposite to normal joint

3. Ascending handrails should be pre-bent around a flat mould. Only after approx. 24 hours the 3D bending can be carried out at the banister.

    The following video shows how such a handrail is installed upwards:

    The flat pre-bending has the following advantages:

    - The transport costs are significantly lower than the costs for shipping long straight sections.
    - It is 
possible to perform the upwards bending later, when mounting the bending handrail.
    - It is also possible to combine normal wood with Bendywood®.
    - Also lengths up to 13 m are feasible, as special production.
    - Handrails with groove/plow are also possible.

b. Bending an ascending handrail around an ascending mould / assembly support:

    If it is not possible to pre-bend around a flat mould, you can build a mould as shown in the pictures below.

    Mould for U-curve    Mould for interior handrail



  • Solely the bending handrails with diagonal joints Drawing handrail with diagonal joint can be pre-bent with a ring rolling bending machine (up to a radius of 1 : 30), as only diagonal joints can endure the mechanical stress of a bending machine. A handrail with a diameter of 40 mm, for instance, can be bent up to a radius of 1.200 mm. The final bending - if necessary - up to a radius of 1 : 20 should be carried out by hand around a mould or on the banisterSee the following video to this:  
  • Tighten the bending radius progressively, letting the handrail run through the rollers of the bending machine not more than 3 times. Bear in mind that the ring rolling bending machine also rolls the wood and rolled Bendywood® will reach its limit of flexibility more quickly. Consequently, a 40 mm thick handrail, for instance, can only be bent up to a radius of  1.200 mm by machine, then you should continue by hand.       

  • The bending handrails with normal joints Drawing handrail with normal jointsCANNOT be bent with a ring rolling bending machine.


All handrails turn on their own axis when being bent upwards. This torsion is not visible in case of a round handrail, as a round profile always looks the same when turned. In case of other profiles or round profiles with a groove/plow it is necessary to compensate for torsion, so that the lower part of the handrail remains below.

It is best to proceed as follows: (in one operation cycle)

First of all bend the handrail on a flat mould. Then clamp it onto the banister (which ideally has a flat steel strip or similar) starting from above. The "turning" should be carried out using a long-arm clamp, which needs to be clamped onto the handrail at a distance of 1,5 m in order to have sufficient leverage. 


Formula for calculating the length of a spiral staircase handrail

Drawing steps of staircase  Drawing spiral staircase




  • 18 steps
  • Step rise: 17 cm
  • Step run beneath inner handrail: 13 cm
  • Step run beneath outer handrail: 40 cm

Example formula for calculating the length of a spiral staircase handrail